July 15, 2019

The New Tourism: Self-Propelled

This self-propelled tent trailer is an example of how tourism is changing.

The carbon footprint of international tourism is huge, making it a perfect candidate for elimination as we work on tackling the climate emergency. 

But that doesn't mean travel has to end. 

Aristotle observed that "humans are the most mobile of animals", so our moving about will likely continue in a post-carbon world.

People travelled before the advent of fossil fuels, and people will continue to travel after fossil fuels. It will just require more time, more effort, and less convenience. 

Just ask Brandon Wilson, the man that walked (that's right - walked) from France to Israel as a modern day pilgrim. The route he took ran through eleven countries, and stretched out over 4,223 kilometres (2620 miles). 

From all accounts, he loved every minute of it - the extreme effort, the daily challenges, the many inconveniences, all of it. He even enjoyed the trials and tribulations. 

Who knows? After decades of speeding around the world missing everything, people may be hankering a bit of slow (low carbon) travel for a change. 

Just think of all the things you can see, and people you can meet, while moving at a more leisurely and natural rate.

Perhaps save the pilgrimage for after a few shorter trips when you have your legs under you. 

July 13, 2019

What Is Your Level Of Concern?

With all the recent reports on the state of the planet, I often wonder how concerned people are about all the unintended consequences to our brutal capitalist system, and our part in it as supporters through our consumeristic activities.

In my experience, the level of public concern ranges from totally concerned and feeling a sense of impending doom, to totally lacking concern due to a total lack of awareness of the enormity of our challenges.

There is one group I know of that is so concerned that the word is included in their name. That would be the Union of Concerned Scientists

Since 1969 they have been fulfilling their motto: "Science for a healthy planet, and a safer world." Their 200,000 strong membership consists of both private citizens and professional scientists, and they are one of the best hopes we have for turning this thing around.

What is this group of intelligent and aware people concerned about? Here is a partial list:

  1. nuclear weapons/nuclear war
  2. climate change
  3. government interference in the scientific process
  4. clean energy
  5. toxic waste
  6. nuclear energy
  7. GMO foods
  8. antibiotics in animal feed causing resistance in humans
  9. consumerism

Yup, that is a partial list. There are so many things to be concerned about these days that it makes me wonder one thing.

When will the "Union of Concerned Scientists" be changing their name to the "Union of Very Concerned Scientists", or "Gravely Concerned", or "Seriously Concerned", or "Super-Duper Concerned"?

What, exactly, is their true level of concern in 2019, after a full 50 years of being simply concerned? Perhaps it is time for a name change to reflect the new reality in which things are changing faster and faster, and may require a new concern level.

If at their conception in 1969 they considered themselves to be "concerned", then surely by now they must be "Shitting Their Pants" concerned.

I know I am currently at "Majorly Concerned", and that is subject to an upgrade at any given moment, perhaps to "Wickedly Concerned", or "Unbelievably Concerned".

How concerned do you think the scientists should be?

July 10, 2019

Cost of Smart Speakers Too High

We have a friend that told us that she just set up a smart speaker in her home. 

We told her what we knew about these devices (little of it good), and told her to do some research. The next time we talked to her, she said her smart speaker was back in its box, and stashed under the deck in the back yard. 

Chalk up a victory for freedom and privacy.

Having a "hands-free and easy-to-use interface to interact with computers and accomplish tasks that previously required a display and input devices such as a mouse and keyboard" would be nice for us to have. 

Since Linda does not have the use of her hands for fine motor tasks, such a hands-free device would be appropriate. But at what cost?

These marketing listening devices are called "smart speakers", but does that mean smart for the mega-corps that benefit from mining our data, or smart for the users?

Speaking of users, I'm not sure why people that are fortunate enough to have the use their hands and legs need these, but that is another post. Or rant, I should say. 

I have always been wary of Big Brother listening in on our computer's built-in microphone, and have taken steps to minimize that risk. We also cover our computer's camera. 

“If Amazon and Google and Apple start giving up our personal data to whomever, to government agencies, to private industries, then people will stop buying their products the second they find out.”

- Matthew Rathbun

You aren't paranoid if someone is really after you, and someone really is after you. The state is after your freedom, and the marketers want your money.

These things are like baby monitors, except in this horror story, the state and corporations are the mommy and daddy. And we are becoming the defenceless babies.

These products are always listening. Voice recognition can record and share what you think are private conversations, in some cases. 

Smart tech can also learn. And what it is learning is how to sell you more stuff more efficiently and profitably. Or learning what you do in the privacy of your own home.

One large creepy tech company has already admitted to eavesdropping on their speaker users. Another warns customers that their smart TVs are listening, and you might want to watch what you say while you view them. 

Having noisy consensual sex? Be careful. That smart tech might end up sending the cops to your door thinking that someone is being hurt.

The simplest solution to a problem tends to be the right one, as Ocam's Razor suggests. But I wonder what exactly the problem is that is being solved by these devices? 

Allow me to extrapolate on Ocam and suggest that the simplest lifestyles tend to be the right ones. We should be wary of complicated high tech "solutions", especially the ones that claim to solve manufactured problems. 

As long as I have my mobility I will help Linda myself. I am a "smart caregiver", and I will tend to her needs in the old fashioned way, and with our privacy intact. A smart speaker will not be required, even if it would be convenient and useful. 

Like the rest of consumerism, while the price may be cheap, the cost, for us, is too high.

July 8, 2019

Breaking News: Glorious Sun Rise This Morning

Sunrise from home at 5:46 AM this morning - the proverbial crack of dawn.

A sunrise is a majestic thing to witness. Here it comes! 

Heat. Hope. Light. Life. 

Each morning we have an opportunity to welcome a new, fresh day in which anything could happen. The possibilities are infinite. But we need the sun to make it all happen.

A recent solar eclipse made headlines recently, like eclipses always do. But what a dark and foreboding thing, the sun disappearing in the middle of the day. 

Total eclipses aren't even that rare. Approximately once every 18 months (on average) a total solar eclipse is visible from some place on the Earth’s surface. 

Like a sun set, an eclipse is a more somber, cautious moment. They have a hint of dystopia about them.

Sunrises, on the other hand, the moment when the sun comes to us instead of going away, are full of hope and joy. They are utopian. An inhale rather than an exhale.

Imagine a morning the sun didn't rise, or an eclipse that didn't end, and you begin to feel how our ancient ancestors felt about the sun coming up every day. 

A miracle!

Still, sunrises rarely make the headlines, even if they are as striking as this morning's was over my little part of the world in Digby, Nova Scotia, Canada.

I have enjoyed the sun rise over pristine and remote mountain lakes in the Rockies. Sitting on the porch of an Ashram in Rishikesh, India, I watched the rising sun begin to bake the Ganges River valley as the previous night's cremations smoldered on the banks. 

What I have learned over the years, is that there hasn't been a sunrise I haven't felt deeply, and with gratitude. And that goes for watching the sunrise this morning right from the comfort of home.

Have a joyous light-filled day.

July 7, 2019

Humility Is The Medicine Humanity Needs Right Now

"An abiding humility in the face of the Earth’s exuberant multiplicity, wildness, and weirdness is, I believe, a necessary quality of our kind and the best possible medicine for what ails us."

- David Abram

Humanity has an excess of hubris when what we desperately need is a good dose of humility.

The intelligent person bows before Nature, in all her glory. Exposure to Nature melts hubris into humility like nothing else.

You think you are so big? Wander into Nature without your technology and your electricity. Be there without clothes or fire. See what happens.

And yet, all other living things manage just fine.

So humans are the pinnacle of life in the Universe? Wrong. We aren't even the pinnacle of life on this planet. You might not even be the pinnacle of life in your own home.

Spiders, such as those found in every dwelling across the globe (except in Antarctica), have been around in a similar form for at least 380 million years. 

The silk in a spiders web is 5 times stronger than a strand of steel the same thickness. Scientists have been unable to replicate the strength and elasticity of spider silk.

Some spiders can live longer than 40 years.

Indeed, spiders are vital to a healthy ecosystem, and provide many valuable services to the rest of Nature. 

Can the same thing be said of humans?

July 2, 2019

Finding A New Place To Grow

Our search for a place to settle more self-sufficiently (and cheaply) in Nova Scotia is off to a slow start, mostly because we do everything slowly. But that is not the only reason for our leisurely pace.

There are a few other reasons not to rush into making one of the largest purchases of our lives.

1. House prices have been dropping since we got here in 2014, and continue to drop.

2. We planted our garden. We can't leave it now, can we?

3. The rental we are currently living is, in many ways, perfect for our needs. Plus, our new landlords are excellent folks. 

4. We have never bought a home before, and it's a scary commitment. 

The house shown above caught our interest as we continue our research into the market here. 

At 79 sq m (850 sq ft), it was listed at $84,000 one year ago. Since then its price had been reduced to $47,500, and it just sold for $42,000. That is a substantial discount, and shows that rushing right now could cost us more.

This particular house, though, was too far from services, requiring a 30 minute drive to the nearest town. It was on a smaller lot (929 sq m/10,000 sq ft), which was sloped. Not the best for a wheelchair. 

On the plus side, the house was in the size range we are looking for, and came with 4 cords of wood. It also has the historical significance of being on the oldest graded road in Canada. 

Granville Road was established in 1606 by Samuel de Champlain, running from Port-Royal to Digby Cape, NS.

Better than that, how about the view across the street?

In between watering and weeding our garden, we will continue to look for a new place to grow and thrive. Until we discover our special place, we will continue to enjoy where we are here and now.

We hope you are doing the same.

June 30, 2019

Slow and Steady

This green gradient is in the woods near home. I like to slow down here as often as possible. The mosquito swarms make sure I don't stop long enough for the moss to absorb me into the forest.

I have always resisted the continual speedification of life. The finish line comes soon enough. Why rush?

How different the philosophy of Confucius to how we live today. 

"It doesn't matter how slow you go", he said, "as long as you don't stop". 

Infinitely cranking up the speed of life is not conducive to a happy or healthy population, and our dismal statistics bear that out. It is enough to make one want to take a nap, or sit quietly in a mossy clearing in the forest.

We are currently in a suicide epidemic, and it is not just in North America that this is happening. It is a global issue, especially among young people, for which suicide is the 2nd leading cause of death.

Our social problems, including suicide, are multifaceted, and the cause can not be attributed to one thing. However, just like driving a car, the faster one goes down the highway of life, the more likely there is to be the occasional catastrophic outcome.

Slow is the way to go. We need to chill, relax, and take it easy on a regular basis. And because social isolation is another growing problem that contributes to poor health, try going slow with a friend or two.

Just don't stop or you will stagnate, and the moss will begin to grow. Be a rolling stone, but roll at your own chosen speed. For me, that is slow and steady.

June 27, 2019

Real Freedom Is In The Wild

Me enjoying the wild while sea kayaking on Sechelt Inlet, British Columbia (in the 90s).

"Real freedom lies in wildness, not in civilization." 
- Charles Lindbergh

I wear civilization like a straitjacket. I find it binding in all the wrong places. Thankfully, I have been an accomplished escapist, and I squirm out of it as frequently as possible to get a freedom that is not possible in the tamed world.

The place to get that, is in the wild.

It has always been that way for me - from an early age I have sought to vanish into the wilderness, and feel the energy of real freedom course through me. 

In the wild, nature's laws apply, rather than the arbitrary rules of lesser beings. In spite of the many dangers, I am never afraid in the wild. I can't say the same for the notably uncivilized state of our artificially complex society. I find that world to be very scary.

That is because in the human experience there are many laws for the ruled, and lawlessness for the rulers. This condition has brought us to where we are today.

It is counterproductive to be bound by the intellectual straitjackets of conservative or liberal ideology. My views are directed by nature, and my love is of systems that integrate us into a humble and inclusive more-than-human world.

I like to put some distance between myself and the "civilized world" as often as possible. It has always been that way.

The wildness is where I go to feel untamed, and to roam at will. The wildness is where I go to feel real freedom.

“We need the tonic of wildness... 
At the same time that we are earnest to explore and learn all things, we require that all things be mysterious and unexplorable, that land and sea be indefinitely wild, unsurveyed and unfathomed by us because unfathomable. 
We can never have enough of nature.” 

― Henry David Thoreau

June 24, 2019

Civilizational Collapse - It Happens

Civilizations collapse. It happens. Over and over and over again. It will continue to happen as regularly as the seasons and other cyclical processes. Knowing this allows us to be prepared for change.

The average lifespan of a civilization is 336 years.

Do we think that our current civilization will be the only one in human history to NOT collapse? Given the evidence, that outcome is nothing more than wishful thinking. 

Many thinkers today are warning that we are creating the conditions for our current civilization circus to go down. They are predicting that the big tent will come down, and the show will leave town just about any time now. 

Take some examples from civilizations past:

Name of Civilization, [Approximately how many years it lasted]
- Ancient Egypt, Old Kingdom [505]
- Ancient Egypt, Middle Kingdom [405]
- Ancient Egypt, New Kingdom [501]
- Norte Chico Civilization [827]
- Harappan Civilization (Indus Valley Civilization) [800]
- Kerma [400]
- Akkadian Empire [187]
- Elam Civilization (Awan Dynasty) [157]
- Minoan Civilization (Protopalatial) [500]
- Xia Dynasty [500]
- Third Dynasty of Ur [46]
- Old Assyrian Empire [241]
- Middle Assyrian Empire [313]
- Neo Assyrian Empire [322]
- Elam Civilization (Eparti Dynasty) [210]
- First Babylonian Dynasty [299]
- Old Hittie Empire [250]
- Minoan Civilization (Neopalatial) [250]
- Shang Dynasty [478]
- Mycenae [400]
- Vedic Civilization [1000]
- Middle Hittite Kingdom [70]
- Elam Civilization (Middle Elamite Period) [342]
- New Hittite Kingdom [220]
- Olmecs [1000]
- Phoenicia [661]
- Zhou Dynasty (Western Period) [351]
- Kingdom of Israel and Judah [298]
- Chavin Culture [700]
- Urartu [225]
- Kushite Kingdom [1150]
- Etruscans [404] 
                                                                                                           - Zhou Dynasty (Eastern Zhou Spring Period) [330]

- Zhou Dynasty (Eastern Zhou Warring States Period) [411]
- Ancient Rome [244]
- Elam Civilization (Neo-Elamite Period) [203]
- Phrygia [43]
- Lydia [144]
- Magadha Empire [364]
- Chaldean Dynasty (Babylon) [87]
- Medean Empire [66]
- Orontid Dynasty [540]
- Scythians [800]
- Mahanjanapadas [200]
- Carthage [667]
- Achaemenid Empire [220]
- Roman Republic [461]
- Nanda Empire [24]
- Ptolemaic Egypt [302]
- Classical Greek [265]
 - Hellenistic [177]
- Maurya Empire [137]
- Seleucid Empire [249]
- First Chera Empire [500]
- Early Chola Empire [500]
- Maghada-Maurya [90]
- Parthian Empire [469]
- Satavahana Dynasty [450]
- Qin Dynasty [14]
- Xiongnu Empire [184]
- Han Dynasty (Western Period) [197]
- Numidia [156]
- Teotihuacans [735]
- Kingdom of Armenia [442]
- Hsiung Nu Han [120]
- Sunga Empire [112]
- Andhra [370]
- Aksumite Empire [1100]
- Kanva Dynasty [45]
- Three Kingdoms of Korea [725]
- Saka [140]
- Roman Empire [525]
- Han Dynasty (Eastern Period) [195]
- Kushan [200]
- Bactria [70]
- Ptolemaic [290]
- Liu-Sung [250]
- Gupta [90]
- Hun [100]
- Byzantine [350]
- Yuen-Yuen [30]
- Toba [130]
- White Hun [100]
- Visigoth [240]
- T'u Chueh Turk [90]
- Avar [220]
- Western Turk [70] 

Moral of the story? Civilizations come, and civilizations go. Also, if we continue on our current path, sooner or later, this one will go down, too. 

The HANDY Report, published in 2014, used the latest methods from NASA to come up with a potential collapse in mere decades or sooner. 

Rather than finger one particular group as being the cause, the authors say that today's civilization is doomed because of "the entire fundamental structure and nature of our society." 

Hmm, that won't be easy to fix, so collapse it is.

Then what? How many of us are prepared and resilient enough to handle an event like the total collapse of everything you know and love? 

The good news is that when civilizations collapse, humanity goes on. When it comes right down to it, we are pretty tough. 

Having said that, a large number of people simply will not make it. Those that do will be the most adaptable and prepared, not necessarily the strongest.

The skills required to survive collapse are the same across the ages. Different collapse, different time period, same survival strategy.

So what are the tried and true methods for carrying on when organized human society grinds to a halt? The good news is that they are all known and doable.

If we called it "The Great Simplification", that would give us some idea of what we might expect. Ask the Amish about that. Or preppers. Or homesteaders currently living off-grid.

Or ask the one billion humans that live without dependable power, or without any electricity at all.

The Great Simplification is coming, because civilizational collapses have happened, and will continue to happen. Today, we are rushing toward another one, although the HANDY Report does optimistically remind us that, "a sustainable steady state is shown to be possible in different types of societies".

Can we buck the trend that spans across the ages, and transform our current society into a sustainable steady state system in time to avoid collapse? I don't know, but I am not banking on it. 

While helping build that sustainable future, I will also be preparing for a life without a complex organized society to support me.

"Collapse can be avoided, and population can reach a steady state at maximum carrying capacity if the rate of depletion of nature is reduced to a sustainable level and if resources are distributed equitably." - HANDY Report

June 19, 2019

Should My Toxic Garden Hose Be Replaced?

There is no safe limit for lead ingestion - it can be harmful at any concentration. So why is it that garden hoses contain lead? None of the nasty chemicals found in hoses are necessary, and the good news is that the industry and retailers are moving toward cleaner, non-toxic varieties. 

But as usual, it is buyer beware, because our system encourages producers to cut corners and maximize profits, even at the expense of the health of you, your family, and our planetary life support system.

Hoses can also be a dangerous soup of other unwanted ingredients that have been shown, in some situations, to leach into the water passing through them. 

Water sampled from hoses after they were left in the sun for two days contained  levels of BPA, phthalates, and lead, all above standard approved drinking water limits. 

Most cheaper hoses are made of polyvinyl chloride (PVC), which uses lead as a stabilizer. The fittings are often made of brass, which can contain as much as 8% lead. 

Lead has been shown to build up in the body from even low levels of exposure, and causes all kinds of trouble once there.

But wait! There's more. 

Some cheap hoses contain chemicals associated with e-waste, none of which you want on your vegetables, or on your grass where your kids and pets play.

Information I have read on the topic ranges from alarmist - "kill your toxic hose now", to a more complacent attitude of "don't worry about it, there are far more poisonous things to worry about". Hardly reassuring. 

What is a gardener to do? 

The best case scenario would see all hoses containing toxic ingredients being replaced with alternatives that are drink-safe. Natural rubber is recommended, as well as plastic hoses that are rated "drink-safe". 

These hoses have fittings plated in nickel, which is lead-free, meaning cleaner water for your veggies.

For now, I will keep my two cheap hoses which are only 3 years old and still in good shape. However, I will also follow a few rules to minimize the risk of spraying chemicals all over my vegetable garden.

  1. Always wrap up hoses after use, and store inside in a cool, dark place. Or store in an outside location shaded from direct sunlight. 
  2. If the hose has been in the sun for a while, run the water for a minute before watering your garden. 
  3. Never drink from a non-drink water safe hose.  
  4. Take action - let manufacturers and retailers know that you will NOT tolerate dangerous chemicals in your garden hoses. 

None of the toxic chemicals are necessary in any hose, and they only benefit the seller's bottom line. That is why they are in hoses in the first place. I guess they don't care that their consumer goods are poisoning us and the planet. What a system.

Eventually, when my current hose is at the end of its life, I will pay more and buy a new safer hose for my vegetable garden. Polyurethane and other non-vinyl hoses, like rubber, are much less likely to contain chemicals of concern.

Always check the label when buying a new hose. If it does not list the material, it is most likely of the toxic variety.

But what should you do with your old cheap potentially toxic hose, either right away, or when it reaches the end of its life? From what I have found out, they should probably be delivered to a toxic waste disposal site along with your old paint and spent batteries. 

 “We now know vinyl garden hoses may leach toxic phthalates and BPA into water. 
It’s time for retailers like Home Depot and Wal-Mart to safeguard our children’s health and phase out the use of these poison plastic vinyl hoses.” 
Mike Schade, Center for Health, Environment & Justice

June 17, 2019

My Vegetable Garden Just Got 4 - 6% More Valuable

Our garden is one of the best investments we make each year. This is last year's cash crop. Better than a gold mine, and more fun.

I find it interesting to see that many consumer staples that we don't need are getting cheaper and cheaper, while things that we do need, like food, are getting more expensive all the time.

This year, the price of vegetables is predicted to rise between 4 and 6 percent, and that is after quickly rising fruit and vegetable prices in previous years.

The way I see it, growing a garden gets better and better with each year that passes. This year alone, my garden will be 4 to 6% more valuable than last year. 

Compare that to the 0.5% that I get on my "high interest" bank account. A garden is even a better investment than gold bullion, and a lot less volatile. 

And unlike money, or gold, or stocks and bonds, when you invest in gardening, you can eat the results. Plus what a garden does for you soul can not be counted in dollars. It is an investment in personal wellness.

Happy Summer, and happy gardening. Or, for those of you in the Southern Hemisphere, happy Winter, and happy gardening.

June 14, 2019

Make It Last: Celery

Having not done a post in the "Make It Last" category for some time (7 years!), I decided now was the right moment to mention a make-it-last kitchen hack I learned recently from one of my simple living mentors. 

I have always been frustrated by how quickly celery goes down in the fridge. Limp is lame. 

Now that celery is insanely expensive, there is even more reason to store it so it stays crispy and fresh for a long time. 

I didn't know I have been doing it wrong until recently when I read a simple suggestion that I immediately tried to great effect. First, I had to get my celery out of plastic.

The (new to me) storage method is simple: after your celery bunch is delivered via armoured car, wrap it in aluminum foil. 

I have had a roll of tinfoil for years, because we don't use it very often, so it was good to have an actual use for it. 

After the celery is used up, I flatten the foil so I can reuse it next time I have saved enough money to get more stalks. 

This method is simple, it keeps the celery crispy, reduces food waste, and will save you money, or at least help you avoid having to eat rubbery stalks.

On a final note, have you noticed how over the years things you don't need like TVs have gotten cheaper, while things you do need, like food, have gotten more expensive?

All the more reason to store your food to make it last, and keep as much as possible out of the garbage.

Up to 1/3 of global food production is lost to waste every year.

June 12, 2019

Beyond Recycling: Toward Zero Waste

There is a reason recycling is the most promoted and well known of the many environmental Rs. It does not affect consumption. Recycling is system friendly.

We can never talk seriously about anything that will reduce consumption. Never. Even if it means saving the planet. That is why they only pay lip service to the other Rs: refuse, reduce, repair, and reuse - these will all reduce consumption.

Rethink is my favourite rebel R that gets little to no fanfare in places where ConsumerThink is the only state sanctioned mindset. 

Billions of dollars are spent every year to make sure we think the right way, and buy the right things. And then you use recycling as a (system friendly) way to help consumers feel like they are doing something meaningful - saving the environment!

Considering the dire straights we find ourselves in, I have to think we are beyond (for the time being) recycling. We have to rethink our whole way of life. 

The current system is set up for a liner waste stream - crap in, crap out. Do more of that every year, or the economy will collapse. We know continuing this will eventually collapse planetary systems, but they don't want us to stop. 

Never mind the planet, what will happen to profits?

Recycling is not enough in a system that requires more resource extraction, production, and consumption than the year before in order to function. 

Along with infinite growth comes infinite waste. Both are choking the life out of our planet, and are currently washing up on the beaches of the collective consciousness.   

Our economies never bothered to make themselves into nature-imitating circular, closed loop systems, and this has been their undoing. The linear waste stream leads to collapse if followed to the end.

At this stage it makes more sense to move some of the more unloved Rs to the forefront of our consumer craniums. A zero waste world is possible.

However, we currently don't have a closed loop in which recycling would be an integral part. Far from it. 

“The smallest loops also create the highest social benefits because they are labour intensive. They use very few material and energy resources, and as they are decentralized, they benefit regional economies by providing local employment.”
- Walter Stahel

In recent years, many of the nations where we used to send our (dirty) recycling materials to be reprocessed far away by low wage labour, are saying "NO" to further imports of the results of our prodigious consumption habits.

In Canada's case, the nations are sending several of the containers of recycling/rubbish back to Canada so we can, perhaps, deal with our own stuff right here where it was generated.

Until we have a zero waste system where no waste is produced, I will continue recycling while concentrating on the other Rs that are most likely to lead to a lower consumption lifestyle, and eventually, a complete system change. 

A closed loop system where recycling is a common sense and seamless part of waste free living, is where we want to get. The other R's are the way to get there.

Rethink, Refuse, Reduce, Repair, Reuse. And then Recycle. 

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